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Wicked Problems


The problem solving process ends when you
run out of resources, such as time, money, 
or energy, not when some optimal or“final
and correct” solution emerges. Herb Simon,
Nobel laureate in economics, called this
“satisficing”-- stopping when you have
a solution that is “good enough” (Simon 1969)


Goel (1995) has extended Reitman's original characterization
along the number of dimensions and articulated the cognitive
consequences of these differences. In particular, it has
been argued that qualitatively different cognitive and
computational machinery is required to deal with
Ill-structured and well-structured situations/problems. On
the other hand, it has also been argued that there are no
qualitative differences between ill- and well-structured
problem situations and that the information processing theory
machinery developed to deal with well-structured problems
can also account for Ill-structured problems (Simon, 1973).
The neuropsychological data, however, supports the distinction.


文献


Ill-Structured situation